What’s the Difference Between Private and Public Proxy Servers?

There are many reasons why you may need a proxy server in 2023. Whether you want to browse the internet more privately, smoothen your operations, or get around geo-restrictions, a good proxy can help.

Once you realize you need to use one, the next decision is whether you should use a public or private proxy.

Private Proxies vs. Public Proxies

To avoid making a mistake when choosing a proxy, you need to know the differences between them. We’ll make it easier for you by telling you what to expect from each and then comparing the benefits they offer so you can make a well-grounded decision.

What Are Private Proxies?

Private or paid proxies are owned and allocated by a company that ensures each client gets a unique proxy that’s not used by anyone else. During the time the client uses the private proxy, they have complete control over when and how it is used. These are also known as dedicated proxies and are relatively more expensive than other types of proxies.

However, a private proxy can also be available to other users or clients of the same company. These are less expensive than dedicated proxies and are known as semi-dedicated or shared proxies.

What Are Public Proxies?

Public or free proxies are not owned by a company, so there’s no one to control who uses them. You may share the same proxy with a hacker and find out the hard way. Most of the time you’ll be sharing it with a bunch of users who will make it overloaded and slow. All of this means they are less stable and more vulnerable than private proxies.

On the other hand, they are free which means you’ll still be able to hide your IP address while visiting sites without paying a cent. Free and new proxies are recommended if you’re on a tight budget and speed and security are not major concerns for you.

Key Differences and Comparisons

Now that you know what public and private proxies are and how they work, let’s find out the key differences between them in terms of:


Private proxies are not shared with anyone else so they provide more security on the internet than public proxies. As long as you buy them from a reliable provider, you can be sure that your data won’t be compromised.


Both proxies can hide your online identity when browsing the net but to a different degree. Unlike private proxies, public ones offer a lack of full anonymity.


Public proxies are not as reliable as private ones. They are often flagged as a bot by websites which increases the chances of getting banned.


Private proxies are used by only one user at a time which means less competition for bandwidth. In most cases, they have unlimited bandwidth. Since public proxies are used by multiple users at the same time, they are usually slow and overloaded, increasing the chances of getting bogged down. You can always test the speed of your proxies using a free proxy tester. Click here to read more.


Since you’re not the only user of a public proxy, you don’t have complete control over it. This means that you may end up with a ban because of someone else’s actions. With a private proxy, however, you don’t have to worry about anyone else’s actions as you’re the only user of the proxy at that time.


You can get public proxies free of charge which makes them a clear winner when it comes to price. It seems this is the only downside of private proxies because you have to pay to get them. Dedicated proxies are even more expensive than semi-dedicated proxies, but they provide the highest degree of online privacy, anonymity, and security.

To Sum Up

Whether you use a private or public proxy, you’ll get a new IP address that will keep your online identity private and help you bypass location-based limitations. However, they do provide a different level of privacy, security, and reliability so it’s important to choose the right one for your needs and budget.

In a nutshell, public proxies are less anonymous and safe than private proxies. But, they are free which makes them a decent option if you’re using them at their most basic – just to mask your IP address. If you’re looking for a higher level of security and anonymity on the internet, private or paid proxies are the most fitting option.


Recent Articles

Related Stories

John Morris
John Morris
John Morris is a self-motivated person, a blogging enthusiast who loves to peek into the minds of innovative entrepreneurs. He's inspired by emerging tech & business trends and is dedicated to sharing his passion with readers.

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here