After an excellent couple of days at Techshare last week (where I presented on mobile accessibility – more of that later), myself and my glamorous partner in crime Bruce Lawson ran the second Standards.Next event this time covering cognition and accessibility.
Cognition is probably one of the most under researched areas of accessibility and the least understood. As a result design of usable and accessible websites is incredibly speculative and hard to get right. Unlike accommodating users with screen readers (which is more of a precise art) making colours, text, fonts, layouts, images and icons speak to everyone ranging from those of us with learning difficulties, problems with perception, memory, cognition and comprehension is a hard task to fill. As autistic web pro Jamie Knight said:
Autism is a big spectrum, and in a very real way everyone is autistic!
We were lucky to get four fantastic speakers as well as a over 50 people who had a lot to contribute themselves in questions, discussions and comments over Twitter. Thank you to everyone who gave their time to make it such a valuable and informative event especially the speakers Antonia Hyde, Jamie Knight, David Owens and Ian Pouncy.
Antonia Hyde – Accessibility Beyond Code
With years of experience working with people with cognitive and learning disabilities Antonia had a truly captive audience with her talk accessibility beyond code which included commentary on videos she had taken of Martin using websites and what he found tricky when using them
What struck me was how much her testers hit upon issues that I myself find problematic. Antonia explained just how important it is to be literal on the web and not assume that people understand even the most common of icons such as “i” for information: using icons and text is always a good way to go.
The image she showed below is a good case in point when it comes to being literal. The sign “Use escalators safely” is unhelpfully illustrated with a man running down the escalator looking to all intents as if that’s just the right thing to do. Perhaps a red cross through him would have illustrated the point better.
Antonia finished up highlighting that it’s not just the designer’s responsibility to make content accessible but also the developer and the content editor’s responsibility. I would add to this that it’s also the browser’s responsibility to help render and provide access to content that really helps the user. Something that we are keenly aware of at Opera.
Huge thanks to Martin for contributing his time and being videod.
Jamie Knight and Lion – Autism, the Internet and Antelopes
Jamie and Lion wowed us with his unique take on Autism, the Internet and Antelopes (blog post and slides from the man himself). Being a “generalist” as he describes himself he took us through some of the projects he has worked on and what he does as a web professional.
He told us about his personal screen reader he’d built to help him read web pages when he was tired and illustrated how screen readers should not just be seen as access tech for the blind but for just about anyone who might find it useful listening to web pages. He made a good point as I occasionally (er, not enough) listen to my blog post content through VoiceOver on Mac in Opera to check my grammar which I really struggle with.
Jamie also talked in depth about how video, as great as it is, can be a problem when played automatically on download (especially when his screen reader is running) or the spoken word is too fast. He talks a little bit about this in his interview as well. He also explained that when he gets sensory overload he wished there was a way to convert text into sign to help give meaning to words. I couldn’t help thinking this would make sense for many of us who are more visual.
David Owens – lessons learned doing usability testing
We got a first hand walk through from David on lessons learnt from user testing and I have to admit I was impressed to hear of an organisation out in the real world who were taking this group seriously. When his company initially set out to do user testing they didn’t specifically recruit people with cognitive impairments but along the way realised that they had some testers who were able to highlight key issues with their site.
David discussed style switchers on websites (A, AA and AAA for small, medium and large text etc) and how important these were for users who would never be comfortable changing their browser settings. Representing a browser maker I’m acutely aware of how important discoverability of features and preferences to help you browse are. It’s important to educate people and make them aware of how to access these however David’s point was that there are often people who will just never be comfortable changing things in the browser.
David also highlighted that you can’t assume a user remembers how to do something on your site if they’ve done it before. This was picked up by Patricia, my soon-to-be-mum-in-law, who has Fibromyalgia and often can’t remember how to do certain things. She summed it up perfectly:
Thank god other people find the same things difficult, I thought it was only me!
If we achieved nothing else on Saturday I’m happy that David helped Patricia realise that she wasn’t the one who is broken!
Ian Pouncy – content and cognition
Rounding off the day Ian gave excellent bitesize pieces of advice on content and cognition learned from his time working at Yahoo!. What I loved about is talk was that he wrapped in cross-overs with internationalsation such as clear, well worded text. He also did a walk through of a mock-up site showing us how he’d improve it.
His talk triggered some debate over lightboxes (those pesky ‘popups’, often of images that overlay a page) and how confusing they are to users who don’t understand where they have come from or how to get rid of them. I’d add to this quirks of keyboard access where they seem to be keyboard focusable but as part of the rest of the content of the underlying page making it a huge effort to tab to ‘close’ buttons (if they exist).
I was happy to see a Tweet from Alastair Campbell however suggesting he might look into the problem:
After #standardsnext (and considering an upcoming project), I think accessible lightboxes will have to be on the to-do list.
Final thoughts for me
Since joining Opera I’ve increasingly used our accessibility features within the browser while looking more closely at how people discover features within the browser that help access content in a way that is meaningful to them. As with any browser this is a huge challenge and there is an important balance in exposing access to preferences without further confusing the user.
It was great to gather feedback on what people wanted from the browser, or indeed expected, and will tie in nicely with user testing that David Sloan of the Digital Media Access Group at Dundee university and I will be doing this autumn with older users to see what they can teach us about improving our browser. So watch this space – we hope to have something to share with you early next year.
Links and things
Blog posts and Twitter coverage
- Jamie Knight
- Jeff Van Campen
- Léonie Watson
- Ian Pouncy
- Bruce Lawson – leave a comment for Bruce if you have any thoughts about stylable HTML5 forms
- Tweets with the hash tag #standardsnext
Tools and resources
Here’s a list of bits and pieces mentioned on the day plus a few more that may help:
- WebAim research on cognition – Stepping Stones project
- WebAim: cognitive accessibility part 1 and part 2
- BBC HTML5 media player with captions
- Techdis tools
- RNIB Surf Right toolbar
- Flashblock for Firefox
- Stop autoplay for Firefox
- Accessing web content with Opera
- Using Opera 10 with VoiceOver on Mac
- WAI-AGE – Web Accessibility Initiative Ageing Education and Harmonisation
- Videos from Antonia Hyde of people with cognitive problems using the web
- Photos from Jeff Van Campen on Flickr